Service variables are provided whenever you build, deploy, or run railway run.

Together these variables form your Railway environment. Each database service provides the necessary environment variables needed to use it (such as DATABASE_URL for the PG plugin). You can also specify custom variables on the project variables page.

Screenshot of Variables Pane

You can view all variables for the current environment with railway vars and change the environment with railway environment.

RAW Editor

Screenshot of Raw Editor

Chances are you might already have a .env file laying around. You can import your existing environment variables via the RAW Editor.

You can click the RAW Editor link to open up a modal where you can paste in a list of variables separated by new line. This also allows you to bulk edit your variables in a familiar way like you would an .env file or even edit them via JSON notation.

Automatic Detection of Environment Variables

If you initialize a new project from the CLI- and an .env file is detected, Railway will prompt to see if you'd like to import it into your new project.

Multiline Variables

Railway supports multiline variables/object variables. Just type or paste in the value as you would normally.

Railway-Provided Variables

Railway provides the following additional system environment variables to all builds and deployments.

RAILWAY_STATIC_URLThe public domain, of the form
RAILWAY_GIT_COMMIT_SHAThe git SHA of the commit that triggered the deployment. Example: d0beb8f5c55b36df7d674d55965a23b8d54ad69b
RAILWAY_GIT_AUTHORThe user of the commit that triggered the deployment. Example: gschier
RAILWAY_GIT_BRANCHThe branch that triggered the deployment. Example: main
RAILWAY_GIT_REPO_NAMEThe name of the repository that triggered the deployment. Example: myproject
RAILWAY_GIT_REPO_OWNERThe name of the repository owner that triggered the deployment. Example: mycompany
RAILWAY_GIT_COMMIT_MESSAGEThe message of the commit that triggered the deployment. Example: Fixed a few bugs
RAILWAY_HEALTHCHECK_TIMEOUT_SECThe timeout length (in seconds) of healthchecks. Example: 300
RAILWAY_ENVIRONMENTThe railway environment for the deployment. Example: production

Templated Variables

Variables can reference other variables using the ${{ MY_VAR }} templating syntax. This can help reduce duplication if you need the same value in more than one variable, or need to present a plugin-provided variable differently.

Construct "Meta" Variables

If you find yourself needing the same value in more than one place, you can create a template to avoid duplication. The following example constructs a URL from an AWS S3 configuration:

"Rename" Plugin Variables

Railway plugins provide a fixed set of variables. If your application requires a variable to be under different name, create a new custom variable that uses a template to reference the original:

Shared Variables

To reduce duplication of variables across multiple services within the same projects, shared variables can be created at the environment level and referenced by the services that need it. Creation of shared variables can be done via Project Settings.

Screenshot of Shared Variables Settings

To use a shared variable, either click the Share button and select the desired services, or visit the Variables tab within the service itself and click "Insert Shared Variable".

Screenshot of Shared Variables Picker

Under the hood, adding a shared variables to a service creates a new variable that references the shared variable using Railway's templating syntax (eg. NAME=${{shared.NAME}}). This means that shared variables can be combined with additional text or even other variables, like the following examples illustrate.

Import Variables from Heroku

You can import variables from an existing Heroku app using the command palette on the service variables page. After connecting your Heroku account you can select any of your Heroku apps and the config variables will be added to the current service and environment.

Screenshot of connect Heroku account modal

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